Many people assume that verbal abuse is just about swearing. And some go one step further by thinking that swearing is only abusive if it’s attached to name-calling. If they didn’t call you an #@$%ing [insert], then they haven’t been abusive.
And on the flip side, the person at the receiving end feels upset but minimises what’s happened. “Swearing is normal adult behaviour, right?” “Swearing isn’t abusive.” I can hear you say; “I swear.”
You might do.
More Than Four Letter Words
And you’re right, swearing, in and of itself isn’t abusive. It’s the context in which it is used and the other associated actions that go with it. Verbal abuse is a complex and often subtle mix of behaviours.
So much so, that you might be verbally abused regularly and not realise.
For example, if your partner does not usually swear, but the four-letter words come when you are holding them to account, that’s a warning sign.
Red Herring No. 1
“I was angry.”
Lets put this one to bed. This red herring is an attempt by your partner to blame you and hold you responsible for their behaviour.
In a verbally abusive relationship, the partner learns to tolerate abuse without realizing it and to lose self-esteem without realizing it. She is blamed by the abuser and becomes the scapegoat. The partner is then the victim. Patricia Evans
As I have written about before anger is often a tool of control, leaving you feeling intimidated, anxious and stressed.
Red Herring No. 2
“But you swore too.”
This excuse is a form of denial.
Maybe you did. You must take responsibility for your actions. That said, more likely than not I imagine, this is a manipulative move to reinforce the abuse, deflect and avoid accountability.
Why Verbal Abuse Feels Normal
And this lack of responsibility may feel familiar.
When you grow up seeing certain behaviours, they become integrated into your psyche as ‘normal’. But what’s normal isn’t necessarily healthy.
Perhaps you witnessed your parents name-calling, yelling or telling sarcastic jokes at each other’s expense. Maybe this was trivialised and left you with the impression that’s how relationships work and how adults communicate. And let’s not forget the images you may have been exposed to via the media, film and TV.
Or maybe you were a victim of your parent’s verbal abuse; they called you names, or you were the butt of family jokes.
So, although as an adult, you question when you experience this behaviour, the child part of you remembers this behaviour as usual. What you will notice as a result is the confusion and anxiety of feeling upset and legitimately angry while at the same time minimising your partner’s behaviour.
The Impact of Verbal Abuse
But, just like any other form of abuse or bullying, verbal abuse has a lasting impact.
Several studies have shown that children who are verbally abused either at home or by their peers at school are at a higher risk for depression and anxiety as adults.
It can cause you to have a negative view of yourself, which in turn impacts on your self-esteem and self-confidence. For reasons you can’t logically explain those things are at an all-time low. In this way, verbal abuse affects whether or not you see yourself as being successful in any area of your life.
And that feeling of not being good enough, doubt and despair lead to anxiety and depression.
Verbal abuse isn’t funny.
15 Types of Verbal Abuse
So if it’s not just swearing, what is verbal abuse? Here are 15 ways verbal abuse might show up in an unhealthy relationship.
1. Abusive Anger
This form of anger includes swearing, raised voices, e.g. shouting, screaming and yelling. In this context, abusive anger is a tool to control ensuring that you do what your partner wants you to do.
2. Stonewalling or Withholding
Although there are no words used, stonewalling is a form of verbal abuse. Do not mistake stonewalling for creating boundaries and claiming essential quiet time. Stonewalling is the ‘silent treatment’ and is used as a way to punish a partner. It is a passive-aggressive act and is a form of control.
All name calling is abusive. Name-calling can leave you feeling humiliated and when repetitive cause you to question your sense of value, sense of self-esteem and self-worth.
4. Making jokes at your expense
This behaviour includes sarcasm and laughing. You’ll know when something doesn’t feel funny, or the circumstances don’t warrant a humorous response. If you say, “I don’t think that’s funny.” and your partner responds with “I’m just trying to keep a smile on my face.” or “You just don’t have a sense of humour.” that’s a red flag.
5. Lying & Forgetting
Everyone forgets from time to time, but consistently forgetting conversations and interactions which have an impact on you involves both denial (lies) and manipulation.
This is a way of letting you know that what you have done or expressed is insignificant and of little value.
This is a way of blocking your opinions, denying your reality and shutting down the conversation.
9. Makes Threats
Threats are manipulative acts because they scare you and stop you in your tracks. Usually, they involve loss and pain. Your partner might, for example, threaten to leave you just before a momentous family occasion such as a special birthday party or a significant event in your child’s life.
Discounting is an attempt to deny your experience and reality. Common discounting statements include, “You’re twisting things.”, “You’re too sensitive.” and, “You think you know it all, not everyone thinks like you.” In effect, you’re being told that what you say has no value.
11. Blocking & Diverting
The primary aim of these forms of verbal abuse is to prevent discussion, end communication and withhold information. You may get frustrated when you are pulled continuously off-topic. Common statements you might hear include “You always have to have the last word.” and, “You think you know it all.”
12. Red Herring No. 1 & No. 2
As explained earlier.
Critical statements made directly to you or others, either in your presence or behind your back (shaming and smearing) fall in this category. Criticism disguised as help or advice is also abusive.
This behaviour not only denies you emotional support, but overtime may erode your self-confidence and self-esteem. Paradoxically your partner may tell you that you are undermining them when in fact they are projecting what they are doing.
Ordering is controlling and denies your autonomy, e.g. “You’re not wearing that out with me.”
Why Recognising Verbal Abuse Is Important
Recognising the signs of verbal abuse is essential. You may begin to get an answer to your, stress, anxiety or depression which you may have put down to work, parenting, money or other everyday stressors. Knowledge and understanding are the first steps in making a change.
Recognising verbal abuse is also important because research has shown that verbal abuse is an indicator of the likelihood of physical violence in a relationship. That may never happen in your relationship, but, it’s essential to know the signs.
Verbal abuse depletes your soul and your spirit. It’s not something you need to tolerate.
Over to You
If you want a safe space to understand, talk, figure out your feelings and understand if you are experiencing verbal abuse in your relationship get in touch and book your first counselling appointment.
Or call me today on 07535 864836.
Leave a comment below; I’d love to hear from you.
P.S. PASS IT ON
Enjoyed this post? Then use the icons below to tweet it, share it on Facebook and send it to specific friends via email.
© Sandra Harewood 2019
Soul Centred couples counsellor Sandra Harewood specialises in working with couples and women with childhood wounding that impacts their adult relationships. Sandra provides a soulful space for her clients to explore and discover creative solutions to their difficulties and create a great relationship.